Food crises: the number of severely hungry people has increased to 258 million, 58 countries are affected
According to the FAO, seven countries are suffering from the worst form of famine
Rome, 3 May 2023 – 2022 was already the fourth year in which the number of people affected by acute hunger (those in urgent need of food, nutrition and livelihood support) rose to over a quarter of a billion. Seven countries are suffering from the most severe form of famine, according to the report on food crises . Economic shocks are the biggest problem, but the war in Ukraine has also contributed to severe food insecurity.
The annual report was produced by the Food Security Information Network and presented by the Global Food Crisis Network – an international collaboration between UN organizations, the European Union, government and civilian agencies to end food crises.
According to the report, 258 million people in 58 countries and territories were in food crisis or worse in 2022, compared to 193 million hungry people in 53 countries and territories a year earlier. The 2022 numbers are the worst in the report’s seven-year history. But most of the increase is mainly due to the expansion of the number of the surveyed population. In 2022, the proportion of those in a serious situation among the chronically hungry rose to 22.7% from 21.3% in 2021, which is not only unacceptably high, but also shows a worsening trend.
“More than a quarter of a billion people face long-term hunger, some of them are at risk of starvation. This is defiantly high”, reads the thought of UN Secretary-General António Guterres in the foreword of the report. “This seventh edition of the Food Crises Report is a strong exclamation point that humanity has not come any closer to achieving Sustainable Development Goal 2 – improving food security and nutrition for all.”
According to the report, more than 40% of the population in five countries (Afghanistan, Ethiopia, Yemen, Democratic Republic of Congo and parts of Nigeria) can be classified in the highest level 3 or higher of the IPC/CH international food security scale.
Last year, people in seven countries were affected by severe hunger and homelessness or catastrophic levels of chronic hunger (point 5 of the IPC/CH scale). Most of them are from Somalia (57%), but similarly extreme conditions occurred in Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Yemen, Nigeria, South Sudan and, for the first time in its history, Haiti.
Furthermore, in 30 of the 42 food crises, more than 35 million children under the age of 5 are affected by insufficient growth and persistent malnutrition, of which 9.2 million suffer from chronic wasting – the most severe, life-threatening state of malnutrition.
While conflicts and extreme weather phenomena remain the main causes of acute food insecurity and malnutrition, the economic downturn caused by the COVID-19 epidemic and the effects of the war in Ukraine have also significantly contributed to the increase in hunger, especially in the poorest countries, which are heavily dependent on imported food and from agricultural products and exposed to global price shocks.
The main reasons
In many food crisis hotspots, economic shocks have become the main cause of hunger and nutritional problems. Stacking economic difficulties, such as rising food prices and severe market disruptions, have battered some countries’ resilience and responsiveness in times of food crises.
The report’s findings confirm that the war in Ukraine has had a negative impact on global food security, as both Ukraine and Russia play a significant role in the global production and trade of fuel, agricultural inputs and staple foods, particularly wheat, corn and sunflower oil. The war in Ukraine halted agricultural production and trade in the Black Sea region, causing an unprecedented rise in international food prices in the first half of 2022. While food prices have since decreased thanks to the Black Sea Grain Initiative and the European Union Solidarity Corridors, the war continues to indirectly affect food security, especially in low-income countries dependent on food imports,
About the global network
The Global Food Crisis Network, established in 2016, is a unique partnership between the European Union, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the United States of America, the World Food Program (WFP) and the World Bank, which aims to better analyzing the extent and severity of food crises, developing more appropriate joint responses to them, and better understanding the hidden causes and connections between food crises and other shocks.
LOOKOUT: Serbia – The 90th International Agricultural Fair opened in Novi Sad – GALLERY
The International Agricultural Fair in Novi Sad celebrated its 90th anniversary this year
István Pásztor, the President of the Assembly of the Vojvodina Autonomous Region, visited the jubilee 90th International Agricultural Fair yesterday and viewed the stands of the institutions located in the “Master” hall of KITE Kft. and the Hungarian exhibitors in the 2nd hall, who was received by Slobodan Cvetković, CEO of Novosadski Sajam.
There can be serious demand for printed fish fillets
The first laboratory fish fillet is being developed by an Israeli-based company
The first laboratory fish fillet is being developed by an Israeli-based company. Due to the dwindling fish population and high environmental taxes, laboratory-grown fish foods may come to the fore, writes Euronews . The author refers to a study by Dalhousie University, according to which fish may practically disappear from the oceans by 2048, which, in addition to high environmental taxes, is expected to generate even more demand. The first fish fillet produced in laboratory conditions and printed using 3D technology may be on the market in Singapore next year.
It is also true for this product that cell culture is still a very expensive process, so the production costs are still uncompetitive compared to products made from traditional raw materials.
Steakholder Foods believes that their printed meats are more sustainable food, and the company supports forward-thinking and sustainable people, companies, organizations and countries. They believe that cultured meat will play a crucial role in significantly reducing the meat industry’s carbon footprint, reducing water and farmland use, and making meat safer and more accessible. We should have no illusions about the technology : it can be seen on the company’s website that the selected stem cells are obtained by sampling. If you scroll down, you can also learn about the concept of “bio-ink”, from which the meat slices are born in the incubator at the end of the process.
In the TIME article , you can read more interesting facts about how Israel became the global center of alternative meat technology. They also write about the fact that they appeared at the Food Tech Israel exhibition with amazing products such as reduced-sugar sugar, protein bar with all the positive properties of breast milk, caviar made from modified lake green algae, cheese made from microalgae, roast beef made from fermented vegetable proteins, and we could go on and on. The only animal-based product at the event was a single liter of cow’s milk hidden behind the plant-based drinks offered in the cafe.
It’s an interesting new world, given that Israel is second only to the United States in startups and investment in alternative protein companies, and has the highest per capita consumption of poultry. At the same time, it ranks fourth in red meat consumption, while the largest number of vegans in the world also live there.
Source: Krisztina Pető – NAK
National ice damage mitigation system – two-week summary 24.04.2023. – 05.07.
NAK issued a statement on the results of the National Ice Damage Mitigation System
Presentation of thunderstorm days from April 24 to May 7, 2023 in terms of generator activation and meteorological conditions
The weather between April 24 and May 7 was different from the average, as in previous weeks. In the given period, the distribution of precipitation was extreme, as larger amounts of precipitation fell in several areas, while larger areas remained dry.
Overall, the period was drier in most of the Great Plain, while it was wetter in Transdanubia and the northern part of the country. The last week of April was several degrees colder than usual.
Unusually for the weather of the period, several ice-threatening thunderstorms and four supercells formed in the country, so the ground generators were switched on for 8 days.
The affected ground generators were switched on according to the arrival and formation of ice-threatening thunderstorms.
The following maps show how much the generators had to be operated on average per county during the examined period (image 1) , as well as to what extent the thunderstorms that developed were dangerous and which areas were affected (image 2) .
More details can be found on the NAK website here.