In the second half of April in the Kígyósi plain, we could barely meet duck species that winter but breed further north. However, the ducks that breed here have come. The situation is similar for birds of prey, the winterers have left, and the blue terns, goshawks and gray grebes have arrived. We are still waiting for our songbird, the small warbler, which will return at the latest, usually at the beginning or middle of May. Among the shorebirds nesting further north from us, we saw a few more mountain sandpipers and shield terns in the last week of April. The vast majority of our birds have arrived by the end of the month, chickadees, great gobies, red-footed wagtails, and sandpipers populate the landscape.
The classic spring bird migration is also coming to an end in Kis-Sárrét. There are even more northern guests staying here, but they are slowly moving away. Ashy meadowlarks have recently returned from their wintering grounds, and some specimens are already breeding in the vicinity of last year’s nesting grounds. Smaller or larger flocks of bastard warblers, sooty warblers and white-winged Tern regularly pass through the area. In the past few days, we have observed the first comet herons, and the first specimens of european roller have also arrived. Among the songbirds, the thorn-stinging warblers also just arrived, but an unusually early small guard warbler was also found.
On the Cserebökény steppes, in the middle of March, there were 6,000 chickadees, 2,500 golden plovers, and 4,000 starlings at the water bodies. In addition to the hundreds of pájssoskankó, there were 90 large goda, 66 large pólings and 110 small pólings in the area. From March 20, the storks, gulipans, redshank and the first white and black storks arrived continuously. At the beginning of April, among the species wintering here, we saw five more grebe buzzards, ten blue pied buntings and a large warbler. The blue pigeons that visit the steppes for the winter have been replaced by the returning ringed pigeons. We observed the first swallows on April 3rd, and by April 10th their number had increased nicely. This is when the ashy warblers arrived and the pale warblers marched. In mid-April, the first flocks of blue vultures returned from their wintering grounds in South Africa, and soon after, the european roller also appeared. Yellow thrushes and cuckoos are speaking, and we also saw a small warbler. By April 25, all the migratory birds had arrived, except for the warblers.
Among the shorebirds in the Kardoskúti plain, the migration of the shield-billed grebe was strong even in the last week of April. The peak was observed on April 20, when we counted 1,620 specimens. They were the most numerous of the party birds, after the chickadees and goldfinches. The number of mountain runners is also constantly increasing, so far the highest number was 111, the peak migration is expected at the beginning of May. It is interesting that we also managed to observe some small sandpipers, Temminck’s sandpipers and lake sandpipers joining the mountain sandpipers. By the middle of April, the blue meadowlarks had migrated north and some gray meadowlarks were found. Among the songbirds, the migration of rusty-throated plovers has begun, and in the last week of April, the first thorn-stinging warblers also arrived. The cuckoos have been migrating for quite some time and have been making their voices heard intensively.
Many bird species that spent the winter in the south, even south of the Equator, have also returned to the Makó landscape of the Körös-Maros National Park. In the last week of April, we spotted the first cuckoos, warblers, and warblers of the year. Among the birds of prey, the first blue warblers have just appeared. There are also gray herons in the area, but they only station here and then move on to their breeding grounds.
The spring bird migration on the Dévaványa-Ecseg wastelands was spectacular in previous years, but the situation is different last year and this year. In recent weeks, some bird movement has been barely perceptible. The reason for this is that there was little rainfall, so there are no internal water spots or standing water on the lawn. Every now and then we see a small group of shield-winged warblers, 10-20 golden warblers, some chicks and a single specimen of the later breeding red-legged warblers. Gatherings were spectacularly missed. The warblers have returned to the forests, the warblers and the rusty pike are singing, and the cuckoos can already be heard. The forests are also not as saturated as before: there are fewer gorse, tit, and sable. On the other hand, greater numbers of short-eared owls wintered in the Dévaványa area, and ten pairs had already built nests.
Source: Körös-Maros National Park