Meat, eggs and milk are an important source of nutrients, especially among the needy, according to the FAO
Rome, April 25, 2023 – Meat, eggs and milk provide essential nutrients that cannot easily be replaced from plant sources – reads a new report by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
This is particularly important in certain stages of life, such as pregnancy and breastfeeding, during childhood, adolescence and old age, according to the study entitled The contribution of food from terrestrial animals to a healthy diet for better nutrition and health .
The publication is the most comprehensive analysis of the benefits and risks of consuming animal-based foods, using more than 500 scientific journals and 250 policy documents.
Meat, eggs and milk contain many important macronutrients, including protein, fats and carbohydrates, as well as micronutrients, which are difficult to provide in the required quality and quantity from plant-based food, the report reads. High-quality protein, countless essential fatty acids, iron, calcium, zinc, selenium, vitamin B12, choline and other bioactive compounds such as carnitine, creatine and taurine can be found in foods of animal origin, whose role in health and development is indisputable.
Iron and vitamin A deficiency are among the most common deficiency diseases worldwide, mainly affecting children and pregnant women. Globally, every second child under the age of 5 (372 million) and 1.2 billion women of childbearing age suffer from at least one of the iron, vitamin A and zinc deficiency diseases . Three quarters of these children live in South and East Asia, the Pacific Ocean and Sub-Saharan Africa.
Unsurprisingly, the analysis states, the consumption of food from land animals (including milk, eggs and meat) varies worldwide . On average, a Congolese consumes only 160 grams of milk per year, while a Montenegrin consumes up to 338 kilograms. In the case of eggs, the average annual consumption for a South Sudanese is just under 2 grams, compared to the 25 kg annual amount for Hong Kongers. An average person in Burundi consumes no more than 3 kg of meat, while in Hong Kong the average annual meat consumption is 136 kg.
Aspect of sustainability goals
As part of an appropriate diet, animal-derived foods can contribute to the achievement of the nutrition-related goals adopted by the World Health Assembly and the Sustainable Development Goals , which are for the proper development and birth weight of children under five years of age, as well as for anemia in women of reproductive age, adult obesity and they relate to the reduction of infectious diseases.
At the same time, the farm animal sector “must play a role in solving many challenges”, emphasizes the FAO Deputy Director General, Maria Helena Semedo, and her Chief Economist, Maximo Torero Cullen, in the foreword of the volume.
“These are environmental challenges (e.g. deforestation, changes in land use, greenhouse gas emissions, unsustainable water and soil management, pollution, competition between fodder and food), animal husbandry systems (e.g. low productivity, overgrazing, insufficient animal welfare), animal health problems (e.g. diseases, antimicrobial resistance), matters arising from the human-animal relationship (e.g. zoonoses or foodborne diseases), and social issues (e.g. equality).”
Regarding the risks associated with the consumption of foods of animal origin, the analysis states that the consumption of even small amounts of processed red meat increases the risk of death and chronic diseases (including cardiovascular diseases and rectal cancer). However, the consumption of unprocessed red meat in moderate amounts (between 9 and 71 grams per day) has a minimal risk, but can be said to be safe in terms of chronic diseases.
However, the evidence for causal relationships between the consumption of milk, eggs and poultry in healthy adults and some diseases (e.g. heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure) is inconclusive (for milk) or insignificant (for eggs and poultry) .
The FAO Subcommittee on Farm Animals, which is under the Committee on Agriculture, recently held its first meeting, encouraging governments to update national dietary recommendations, if necessary, regarding the nutritional benefits of consuming meat, eggs and milk.
LOOKOUT: Serbia – The 90th International Agricultural Fair opened in Novi Sad – GALLERY
The International Agricultural Fair in Novi Sad celebrated its 90th anniversary this year
István Pásztor, the President of the Assembly of the Vojvodina Autonomous Region, visited the jubilee 90th International Agricultural Fair yesterday and viewed the stands of the institutions located in the “Master” hall of KITE Kft. and the Hungarian exhibitors in the 2nd hall, who was received by Slobodan Cvetković, CEO of Novosadski Sajam.
There can be serious demand for printed fish fillets
The first laboratory fish fillet is being developed by an Israeli-based company
The first laboratory fish fillet is being developed by an Israeli-based company. Due to the dwindling fish population and high environmental taxes, laboratory-grown fish foods may come to the fore, writes Euronews . The author refers to a study by Dalhousie University, according to which fish may practically disappear from the oceans by 2048, which, in addition to high environmental taxes, is expected to generate even more demand. The first fish fillet produced in laboratory conditions and printed using 3D technology may be on the market in Singapore next year.
It is also true for this product that cell culture is still a very expensive process, so the production costs are still uncompetitive compared to products made from traditional raw materials.
Steakholder Foods believes that their printed meats are more sustainable food, and the company supports forward-thinking and sustainable people, companies, organizations and countries. They believe that cultured meat will play a crucial role in significantly reducing the meat industry’s carbon footprint, reducing water and farmland use, and making meat safer and more accessible. We should have no illusions about the technology : it can be seen on the company’s website that the selected stem cells are obtained by sampling. If you scroll down, you can also learn about the concept of “bio-ink”, from which the meat slices are born in the incubator at the end of the process.
In the TIME article , you can read more interesting facts about how Israel became the global center of alternative meat technology. They also write about the fact that they appeared at the Food Tech Israel exhibition with amazing products such as reduced-sugar sugar, protein bar with all the positive properties of breast milk, caviar made from modified lake green algae, cheese made from microalgae, roast beef made from fermented vegetable proteins, and we could go on and on. The only animal-based product at the event was a single liter of cow’s milk hidden behind the plant-based drinks offered in the cafe.
It’s an interesting new world, given that Israel is second only to the United States in startups and investment in alternative protein companies, and has the highest per capita consumption of poultry. At the same time, it ranks fourth in red meat consumption, while the largest number of vegans in the world also live there.
Source: Krisztina Pető – NAK
National ice damage mitigation system – two-week summary 24.04.2023. – 05.07.
NAK issued a statement on the results of the National Ice Damage Mitigation System
Presentation of thunderstorm days from April 24 to May 7, 2023 in terms of generator activation and meteorological conditions
The weather between April 24 and May 7 was different from the average, as in previous weeks. In the given period, the distribution of precipitation was extreme, as larger amounts of precipitation fell in several areas, while larger areas remained dry.
Overall, the period was drier in most of the Great Plain, while it was wetter in Transdanubia and the northern part of the country. The last week of April was several degrees colder than usual.
Unusually for the weather of the period, several ice-threatening thunderstorms and four supercells formed in the country, so the ground generators were switched on for 8 days.
The affected ground generators were switched on according to the arrival and formation of ice-threatening thunderstorms.
The following maps show how much the generators had to be operated on average per county during the examined period (image 1) , as well as to what extent the thunderstorms that developed were dangerous and which areas were affected (image 2) .
More details can be found on the NAK website here.